Split ends occur when the hair shaft splits from a single strand to multiple, usually occurring at the tip. This is typically a sign of damaged or unhealthy hair. Split ends occur in response to excessive or repeated chemical treatments, grooming habits, and various environmental exposures.
If your split ends are untreated, then your hair will become frizzy and tangled, making it difficult to maintain. After repeated exposures, the outer protective layer of the hair, the cuticle, no longer maintains its protective function. The loss of this layer renders the rest of the hair strand more susceptible to subsequent damage and breakage, resulting in the appearance of split ends.
In addition to external and nutritional factors that can lead to the development of split ends, there are also internal or genetic factors that can also cause split ends.
Trichorrhexis nodosa is an inherited autosomal dominant disorder of the hair shaft in which thickened or weak points (nodes) cause weakening and easy breakage of the hair. It is the most common inherited defect of the hair, but it may also be acquired in people who have normal hair that has been exposed to enough damage. This condition is also described as “bamboo hair”. Trichorrhexis nodosa leaves the hair more susceptible to damage and breakage due to the weak points along the strand of hair. Damage can be induced by common triggers, such as thermal and chemical treatments, and over brushing the hair. This condition can be identified based on the location of where the split ends occur. Since the weak nodes are dispersed along the entire hair shaft, split or frayed ends may be present in the middle of the hair shaft, as opposed to the tip.
Trichothiodystrophy is another example of an inherited condition that can cause an increased number of split ends. It is a rare autosomal recessive genetic disorder that manifests itself in many body systems and tissues. However, this disorder frequently affects the hair. Trichothiodystrophy is characterised by sulfur-deficient fragile and brittle hair. Sulfur is one of the main components responsible for maintaining the strength and integrity of the hair. When hair has an abnormally low amount of sulfur, it will not be strong enough to withstand daily trauma to the hair, such as brushing. This condition typically results in short, sparse hair.
How to Prevent Split Ends
- Limit excess applied heat to the hair
- Decrease the frequency of chemically applied hair treatments
- Ensure proper daily nutrient requirements
- Use moisturizing oil treatments to preserve the cuticle layer
- Protect hair from UV sun exposure
- Maintain hair health by getting trims several times a year - Use the Split Ender Trimmer!
You can keep your hair looking smooth, healthy and beautiful with the Split-Ender - The ultimate cordless Split-End trimmer ! The Split Ender is easier, faster and safer than scissors. It cuts split-ends and damaged hair in just minutes and you can trims as little as 1/8" from your own hair.